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MAKING & REVISING PREDICTIONS

Non Fiction Large Group 

Strategy description

When Making Predictions, students synthesize their background knowledge, prior experiences, genre or topic knowledge, and their text observations to anticipate what will happen in the text. During reading, students continue to make and revise predictions based on what they are reading.

During reading, students are combining their prior knowledge with the knowledge they are building from the text to continue making and revising predictions. Being actively involved in reading, students notice characteristics of the text (such as repetition, foreshadowing, character traits/patterns of behavior) which allow the reader to build strong text-based predictions.

Students must be explicitly taught how to make and revise strong predictions.

Teaching Points:

  1. A prediction is a reader’s sensible guess about what might happen in a book.

    Teach students that predictions can be based on:

    • past personal experiences
    • past personal experiences
    • knowledge of the author
    • knowledge of the character, plot, setting or theme
    • text-based clues (repetition, foreshadowing, etc.)
    • illustrations
  2. Predictions must make sense and be probable. 

    To help students form strong predictions, always ask students to identify the source or “clue” that led them to their prediction. Using a three-columned chart labeled Prediction, Clue, Evidence is one way for students to form sensible predictions and monitor their accuracy  Students write their predictions in the first column ( I think….), the “clue” that helped them make their prediction  in the second column (I noticed), and the evidence they collect while reading to confirm or deny their prediction (I found out….).

  3. Predicting is a process.  Good readers are constantly involved in a cycle of making, verifying and adjusting predictions.
  4. Being right or wrong is not the point of predictions.  It’s the brain stretching that is valuable.

Extensions:

  • Consider using one of the predicting handouts Predicting Chart or Predicting Organizer with your students as they independently read the selected text.
  • Introduce your students to series books. The familiarity with the author, setting and characters help students develop their predicting skills.

Additional Resources:

Tags:

  • During Reading, Comprehension Strategies, Getting the Big Picture

Planning

Pre-Reading

During-Reading

Key

Independent Independent
Pairs Pairs
Small Group Small Group
Large Group Large Group
Alert: Moderate-High Prep Time Alert: Moderate-High Prep Time
Fiction Fiction
Non Fiction Non Fiction
Handout Included Handout Included
Advanced Teaching Strategy Advanced Teaching Strategy